İdris Baluken

Turkish politician
İdris Baluken
İdris Baluken (portrait).jpg
İdris Baluken
Parliamentary group leader of the Peoples' Democratic Party
In office
28 April 2014 – 4 November 2016
LeaderSelahattin Demirtaş
Figen Yüksekdağ
Serving withPervin Buldan (2014-15)
Çağlar Demirel (2015- )
Preceded byPosition established
Parliamentary group leader of the Peace and Democracy Party
In office
22 July 2012 – 28 April 2014
LeaderSelahattin Demirtaş
Serving withPervin Buldan
Preceded byHasip Kaplan
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Member of the Grand National Assembly
In office
12 June 2011 – 7 July 2018
ConstituencyBingöl (2011)
Diyarbakır (June 2015, Nov 2015)
Personal details
Born (1976-07-02) 2 July 1976 (age 46)
Bingöl, Turkey
Political partyPeoples' Democratic Party (2014- )
Peace and Democracy Party (2011-14)
SpouseEvrim Baluken
Alma materAnkara University

İdris Baluken (born 2 July 1976) is a Turkish politician of Kurdish origin who currently serves as a parliamentary group leader of the Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) since April 2014. He previously served as a parliamentary group leader for the Peace and Democracy Party (BDP) from 2012 until the party's MPs joined the HDP in April 2014.

He has been a Member of Parliament for the electoral district of Diyarbakır since the June 2015 general election, having previously served as an MP for Bingöl from 2011 to 2015. Initially elected as an Independent in 2011 as a means of bypassing the 10% election threshold, Baluken and the other pro-Kurdish Independents that were elected in the election formed the BDP parliamentary group shortly after.

Early life and career

İdris Baluken was born on 2 July 1976 in Bingöl and graduated from Ankara University Faculty of Medicine. He specialised in pulmonary diseases and Tuberculosis in the Pulmonary Research and Education hospital in Heybeliada, İstanbul. He worked in a dispensary, a state hospital in Bingöl and at the Diyarbakır pulmonary diseases hospital as a surgeon. He has been involved in the administration of the Turkish Thoracic Society, the Turkish Medical Association and the Health and Social Service Workers Union Diyarbakır branch. He is married and has two children.[1]

Political career

Peace and Democracy Party

Baluken was fielded as an Independent candidate in the electoral district of Bingöl by the Labour, Democracy and Freedom Bloc for the 2011 general election. As a member of the Peace and Democracy Party (BDP), Baluken and several other pro-Kurdish or left-wing politicians fielded as independent candidates within the Labour, Democracy and Freedom Bloc in a joint effort to bypass the 10% election threshold that would be required had the BDP contested the election as a party. He was appointed as a parliamentary group leader of the BDP by leader Selahattin Demirtaş on 22 July 2012 after Hasip Kaplan was removed from the post.[2]

Peoples' Democratic Party

Baluken giving a statement in Parliament, 2015

On 28 April 2014, after an agreement between the BDP and the newly formed Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP), all but three BDP Members of Parliament left the party to form a HDP parliamentary group instead, with Baluken thereby continuing in office as parliamentary group leader for his new party.[3][4] He was a member of the Imrali delegation of HDP politicians facilitating peace negotiations between the PKK and the Turkish Government which until 28 February 2015 led to the Dolmabahce Statement.[5]

He was re-elected as an MP, this time from the electoral district of Diyarbakır in the June 2015 general election[6] and was re-elected in the November 2015 general election five months later.[7] In January 2016 it was revealed that his wife had been employed by the Anadolu Agency (the Turkish state news company) during the peace negotiations between the Turkish government and the Kurdistan Workers' Party (HDP), in which the HDP acted as a mediator.[8] In June 2016 he voiced disappointment to the lack of a solution in the controversy around the accusations of a forged university certificate from the Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan.[9]

Legal prosecution

He was taken into custody in Ankara on 4 November 2016, in an operation where HDP-co leaders Selahattin Demirtaş and Figen Yüksekdağ were also detained. Later in the same day, he was arrested on charges of "praising criminals, spreading the propaganda of a terrorist organization, committing crimes on behalf of a terrorist organization whilst not being a member, publicly denigrating the Turkish nation, the Republic of Turkey and its institutions".[10] He was released on the 30 January 2017, but re-arrested 21 February. On 4 January 2018 Baluken was sentenced to 16 years and 8 months in prison.[11] In prison he began to write and the books Üc Kirik Da and Oko were published at Dipnot publishing house.[12] On the 17 March 2021, the State Prosecutor to the Court of Cassation Bekir Şahin filed a lawsuit at the Constitutional Court for him and 686 other HDP politicians a five-year ban to engage in politics together with a closure of the HDP due to their alleged organizational links with the  Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).[13][14]


  1. ^ "İdris Baluken Kimdir ? - İdris Baluken Hayatı ve Biyografisi". Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  2. ^ "Son Dakika". Milliyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  3. ^ "BDP'li milletvekilleri HDP'ye geçti". (in Turkish). Retrieved 2020-09-17.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ "HDP, TBMM Grup yönetimini belirledi". (in Turkish). Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  5. ^ Çiçek, Cuma (1 April 2016). "The Peace Process From Dolmabahçe to Present-Day: Understanding Failure and Finding New Paths" (PDF). Heinrich Boell Stiftung. p. 9.
  6. ^ Şafak, Yeni (2019-09-11). "Diyarbakır Seçim Sonuçları 2015 - Genel Seçim 2015". Yeni Şafak (in Turkish). Retrieved 2019-11-09.
  7. ^ Şafak, Yeni (2019-09-11). "Diyarbakır Seçim Sonuçları 2015 - Genel Seçim Kasım 2015". Yeni Şafak (in Turkish). Retrieved 2019-11-09.
  8. ^ "Anadolu Ajansı, HDP'li iki vekilin eşini işe almış!".
  9. ^ Erzeren, Ömer (2016-06-17). "Recep Tayyip Erdogan: Hat er sein Diplom gefälscht?". Der Spiegel (in German). ISSN 2195-1349. Retrieved 2022-11-27.
  10. ^ "HDP'li İdris Baluken tutuklandı". Ahaber. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  11. ^ SCF (2018-01-04). "Turkish court sentences pro-Kurdish HDP deputy to about 17 years in prison". Stockholm Center for Freedom. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
  12. ^ İdris Baluken (in Turkish).
  13. ^ "Turkish prosecutor seeks political ban on 687 pro-Kurdish politicians". (in Turkish). 2021-03-18. Retrieved 2021-03-19.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  14. ^ "HDP indictment seeks political ban for 687 members, including Demirtaş, Buldan and Sancar". Bianet - Bagimsiz Iletisim Agi. Retrieved 2021-03-19.
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