Turkish army winter campaign of 1994–1995

Winter campaign of 1994–1995
Part of the Kurdish–Turkish conflict
DateNovember 1994-March 1995
Southeastern Turkey
Result Indecisive, Turkish forces move operations into Iraqi Kurdistan
 Turkey Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK)
Commanders and leaders
Turkey İsmail Hakkı Karadayı Cemil Bayık
40,000[1] 5,000-6,000[2]
Casualties and losses
81 security forces killed[1]
(Turkish claim)
581 rebels killed[1]
(Turkish claim)
38 civilians killed[1]
(Turkish claim)
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Kurdish–Turkish conflict
First insurgency
Second insurgency
Third insurgency


Peace process and peace efforts


In November 1994, the Turkish military launched a winter campaign in South-Eastern Turkey to cut rebels from the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), who were active in the region, off from their winter supplies. The campaign continued until March 20, 1995, when the Turkish government launched an offensive into Iraqi Kurdistan to dislodge the PKK from its bases before the spring. According to Turkish sources, 110 Kurdish rebels, 16 members of Turkish security forces and 14 civilians were killed in November, 148 Kurdish rebels, six members of Turkish security forces and three civilians were killed in December, 107 Kurdish rebels and 14 civilians were killed in January, 128 Kurdish rebels, 34 members of Turkish security forces and seven civilians were killed in February and 88 Kurdish rebels and 25 Kurdish rebels were killed in March prior to Operation Steel.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e Chronology for Kurds in Turkey
  2. ^ Kurdistan - Turkey

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